The diet modulates chronic inflammation. The dietary inflammatory index (DII) assesses the inflammatory potential of the diet by subdividing foods into groups with different scores.
Macrobiotic meals linked to the Mediterranean diet have very low values compared to the consumption of fast food chains.
DII is a new tool for assessing quality, useful for guiding individuals in setting dietary goals to help decrease levels of inflammation, thus reducing the risk of certain chronic conditions.
In a new study published in the British Journal of Nutrition (2018) the association between inflammatory potential of food and memory and cognitive functioning in a sample of US adult population was examined.
The results show an inverse correlation between DII scores and memory.
Frith, Emily, et al. “Dietary inflammatory index and memory function: population-based national sample of elderly Americans.” British Journal of Nutrition (2018): 1-7.